Daily Archive: January 3, 2019

Commissioning of Nuclear Power Plants

During the period 2014-15 to 2015-16, two nuclear power plants Kudankulam Units 1&2 (2 X 1000 MW) were commissioned and commenced commercial operation.

There are presently no proposals for accord of administrative approval & financial sanction of nuclear power projects pending with the Government.

This information was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.


Proposals for New Atomic Power Plants

At present, there are nine (9) nuclear power reactors at various stages of construction, targeted for completion by 2024-25. In addition, twelve (12) more nuclear power reactors have been accorded administrative approval and financial sanction by the Government in June 2017. Thus, twenty one (21) nuclear power reactors, with an installed capacity of 15700 MW are under implementation, envisaged for progressive completion by the year 2031. The details are as follows:

  1. Nuclear Power Reactors under Construction:
State Location Project Capacity


Sanctioned Cost (₹ crore)
Gujarat Kakrapar KAPP 3&4 2 x 700 11459*
Rajasthan Rawatbhata RAPP 7&8 2 X 700 12320
Tamil Nadu Kudankulam KKNPP 3&4   2 X 1000 39849
Kalpakkam PFBR& 500& 5677
Haryana Gorakhpur GHAVP 1&2$ 2 x 700 20594

*Under Revision             & Project being implemented by BHAVINI        $ Excavation commenced

  1. Nuclear Power Reactors accorded administrative approval and financial sanction:

State Location Project Capacity


Sanctioned Cost

(₹ crore)

Haryana Gorakhpur GHAVP 3&4 2 x 700 105000
Rajasthan Mahi-Banswara Mahi Banswara 1&2 2 X 700
Mahi Banswara 3&4 2 X 700
Karnataka Kaiga Kaiga 5&6 2 X 700
Madhya Pradesh Chutka Chutka 1&2 2 X 700
Tamil Nadu Kudankulam KKNPP 5&6 2 X 1000 49621

Sites accorded ‘In-Principle’ approval:

In addition, five sites, as given below, have been accorded ‘in principle’ approval by the Government for setting up more reactors in future.

State Site Capacity (MW) In Cooperation with
Maharashtra Jaitapur 6 X 1650 France
Andhra Pradesh Kovvada 6 X 1208 United States of America
Gujarat Chhaya Mithi Virdi 6 X 1000*
West Bengal Haripur 6 X 1000* Russian Federation
Madhya Pradesh Bhimpur 4 X 700 Indigenous PHWR

*Nominal Capacity

Discussions on finalization of project proposals in respect of setting up large size Light Water Reactors in collaboration with France at Jaitapur site in Maharashtra and USA at Kovvada site in Andhra Pradesh are underway. The cost of reactors to be set up at these sites will emerge on conclusion of the techno-commercial discussions and formulation of their project proposals. These reactors will be launched after the accord of administrative approval and financial sanction by the Government. At the other ‘In-Principle’ approved sites, the pre-project activities are at various stages.

Bharatiya Nabhikiya Vidyut Nigam Limited (BHAVINI), a PSU under Department of Atomic Energy, is currently constructing a 500 MWe Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu. Further, it is proposed to construct a series of twin reactors as given below.


Fast Breeder Reactor

Capacity in MWe Start of construction Commercial operation Location of plant
FBR-1 600 2021 2029 Kalpakkam,

Tamil Nadu

FBR-2 600 2021 2031
FBR-3 600 2025 2033 Site yet to be selected
FBR-4 600 2025 2035

           Cost estimation will be prepared on completion of the detailed engineering of        the project.

The Government has taken several measures to enable setting up of nuclear power reactors in the country. These include:

(i)         Resolution of issues related to Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage (CLND) Act & Creation of Indian Nuclear Insurance Pool (INIP).

(ii)        Amendment of the Atomic Energy Act-1962 (as amended from time to time) to enable Joint Ventures of Public Sector Companies to set up nuclear power projects in the country.

(iii)       Enabling agreements with the foreign countries for nuclear power cooperation including supply of fuel.

(iv)       Identification and addressing of the issues in implementation of the projects through Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation “PRAGATI” platform.

The existing units are operating at their rated capacity. The unit size of indigenous Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs) has already been increased from 220 MW to 540 MW and then to 700 MW, which are now under construction. In addition, Light Water Reactors of 1000 MW have also been introduced with foreign cooperation.

This information was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.


Setting up of Space Technology Park and Museums

The ISRO has plans to set up Space Galleries in various locations in the country. The Space Galleries are expected to disseminate the knowledge about space science and technology amongst the citizens of our country. The Gallery will consist of interactive methods/ models describing the principles of Space science and technology.

Initially, Space Galleries are planned to be established at Birla Science Centre at Hyderabad, Nehru Science Centre at Mumbai and National Science Centre at PragatiMaidan in New Delhi.  In addition to this, ISRO has taken initiatives to establish space gallery in all the national museums/science centres (under Ministry of Culture) across the country in a phased manner.

In addition to the Space Galleries, ISRO is planning to establish Knowledge centres, mobile exhibitions, competitions amongst students and various talks/ lectures on Space Science/ technology related aspects.

This information was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.


Following is the Text of the Article written by the Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley entitled “Two years of insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC)”

The Congress left behind the legacy of an anachronic system of resolving commercial insolvency.  The Companies Act had a provision of winding up a company if it is unable to pay its debt.  Additionally, the Congress Government had enacted the SICA in the decade of 1980s for rehabilitation of sick companies.  This applied to companies whose net worth has become negative.  The law proved to be an utter failure.  Law carried out rehabilitation, several sick companies got a protective iron curtain against creditors.  The Debt Recovery Tribunal was created to enable banks to recover every dues diligently. But these have not proved to be highly efficient mechanism for recovering debt. For non-corporate insolvencies the Provincial Insolvency Act was applicable. This was a rusted piece of legislation, ineffective and had faded away because of disuse.

The NDA Government headed by Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee has enacted the SARFAESI Law which proved to be much better than the earlier mechanism.  In the year 2000, the NPAs had sky-rocketed into double digits.  Both the SARFESI Law and the prudent interest rate management by the RBI helped in bringing the NPAs down.  Subsequently, between 2008 to 2014, Banks lent indiscriminately. This lead to a very high percentage of NPAs which was highlighted by the Asset Quality Reviews of the RBI. This led to a prompt action by the Government.  An Expert Committee was appointed, which submitted its Report in 2015 recommending the IBC.  Immediately, a Bill was introduced in Lok Sabha and referred to a Joint Committee of Parliament.  The Parliamentary Committee displayed its wisdom and submitted a report recommending some changes in the Legislation.  The IBC was approved by both Houses of Parliament in May, 2016.  This was the quickest Economic legislative change that I have seen being made by Parliament.  The NCLT was immediately constituted, the Insolvency Bankruptcy Board of India was established and the regulations were framed. By the end of 2016 corporate insolvency cases were being received by the NCLT.


The early harvest through the IBC process has been extremely satisfactory.  It has changed the debtor – creditor relationship.  The creditor no longer chases the debtor.  In fact, it is otherwise.  Upon constitution of the NCLT and the implementation of IBC its functionality had revealed the need for improvements in the law.  Two legislative intervention since then have taken place.

The NCLT has become a trusted forum of high credibility. Those who drive the companies to insolvency, exit from management. The selection of new management has been an honest and transparent process. There has been no political or Governmental interference in the cases. The recoveries of monies parked in insolvent companies has taken place through three methods : firstly, after the introduction of Section 29(A) such companies are paying up in anticipation of not crossing red line and being referred to NCLT. As a result, the banks have started receiving monies from the potential debtors who pay in anticipation of the default. The defaulters know well that once they get into IBC they will surely be out of management because of Section 29(A).  Secondly, once a petition of the creditor is filed before the NCLT many debtors have been paying at the pre-admission stage so that the declaration of insolvency does not take place.  Thirdly, many major insolvency cases have already been resolved and many are on the way of resolving.  Those which cannot be resolved move towards liquidation and the banks are receiving the liquidation value.

The functioning of NCLT and the Tribunal has led to a large number of cases being filed.  The NCLT is over-crowded, its capacity is now being further enhanced.  Realizing the urgency, the Supreme Court has pronounced several judgements expeditiously, laying down the Law on the new Legislative provisions.  The law declared by the Supreme Court will go a long way in interpretation and clarifying the ambiguity, if any.  This will expedite the process further in coming days.


So far 1322 cases have been admitted by NCLT. 4452 cases have been disposed at pre-admission stage and 66 have been resolved after adjudication. 260 cases have been ordered for liquidation. In 66 resolution cases, realization by creditors was around Rs. 80,000 crores. As per NCLT database, in 4452 cases disposed at pre-admission stage, the amount apparently settled was around Rs 2.02 lakh crores. Some of the big 12 cases such as Bhushan Power and Steel Ltd. and Essar Steel India Ltd. are in advanced stages of resolution and are likely to be resolved in this financial year in which realization is expected to be  around Rs 70,000 crores. Increase in conversion of NPAs into standard accounts and decline in new accounts falling in NPA category show a definite improvement in the lending and borrowing behaviour.



Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency Relating To Imported and Export Goods Notified

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 14 of the Customs Act, 1962 (52 of 1962), and in supersession of the notification of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs No.99/2018-CUSTOMS (N.T.), dated  20th December, 2018 except as respects things done or omitted to be done before such supersession, the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and  Customs hereby determines that the rate of exchange of conversion of each of the foreign currencies specified in column (2) of each of Schedule I and Schedule II annexed hereto, into Indian currency or vice versa, shall, with effect from 4th January, 2019 be the rate mentioned against it in the corresponding entry in column (3) thereof, for the purpose of the said section, relating to imported and export goods.



Sl.No. Foreign Currency Rate of exchange of one unit of foreign currency equivalent to Indian rupees
(1)     (2) (3)
                   (a)                 (b)
    (For Imported Goods) (For Exported Goods)
1. Australian Dollar 50.05 47.80
2. Bahraini Dinar 192.85 180.85
3. Canadian Dollar 52.60 50.65
4. Chinese Yuan 10.40 10.10
5. Danish Kroner 10.90 10.50
6. EURO 81.55 78.60
7. Hong Kong Dollar 9.15 8.80
8. Kuwaiti Dinar 239.75 224.45
9. New Zealand Dollar 47.90 45.75
10. Norwegian Kroner 8.20 7.90
11. Pound Sterling 89.95 86.75
12. Qatari Riyal 19.95 18.70
13. Saudi Arabian Riyal 19.40 18.15
14. Singapore Dollar 52.50 50.60
15. South African Rand 5. 00 4.70
16. Swedish Kroner 7.95 7.65
17. Swiss Franc 72.70 69.90
18. Turkish Lira 13.35 12.55
19. UAE Dirham 19.80 18.55
20. US Dollar 71.25 69.55




Sl.No. Foreign Currency Rate of exchange of 100 units of foreign currency equivalent to Indian rupees
(1)     (2) (3)
    (a) (b)
    (For Imported Goods)   (For Exported Goods)
1. Japanese Yen 66.90 64.45
2. Korean Won 6.45 6.05




Ten-day Indian Panorama Film Festival to open on 4th January, 2019

‘EeMaaYove’ directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery, which won him the Best Director Award in IFFI 2018, to be screened during the Festival

The Indian Panorama Film Festival is being organized from 4th to 13th January, 2019. The ten-day Festival is being organized by the Directorate of Film Festivals, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting at Siri Fort Auditorium II, New Delhi.

The Festival will be inaugurated by Secretary, Ministry of I&B, Shri Amit Khare at 5:30 PM on 4th January, 2019. The directors of the opening feature film ‘Olu’ and of the opening non-feature film ‘Kharvas’  viz. Shri Shaji N Karun and Shri Aditya SuhasJambhale will be present on the occasion.

All the films selected under the Indian Panorama section in the 49th International Film Festival of India will be screened during the Festival.  A total of 26 Feature Films and 21 Non-Feature Films will be screened, as per the schedule given below:




11:00 am 2.30 pm 5.30 pm

Dir: Sanjay LeelaBhansali

Hindi/ 165 mins


Dir: ShekharBapuRankhambe

Marathi/ 29 mins



Dir: Abrid Shine

Malayalam/ 106 mins


Dir: GautamVaze

Marathi/ 14 mins



Dir: Praveen Morchhale

Ladakhi/ 79 mins

6/1/19 *MONITOR  (UC)

Dir: HariViswanath

Hindi/ 20 mins



Dir: MeghnaGulzar

Hindi/ 140 Mins


Dir: Sanoj VS

Hindi/ 17 mins




Dir: Raheem Khader

Malayalam/ 114 mins



Dir: NiteshVivekPatankar

Marathi/ 20 mins



Dir: Chezhiyan Ra

Tamil/ 99 mins


Dir: Akashaditya Lama

Nagamese/ 41 mins



Dir: ShoojitSircar

Hindi/ 115 mins



Dir: Mari Selvaraj

Tamil/ 154 mins



Dir: Rajdeep Paul &SarmisthaMaiti

Oriya/ 15 mins



Dir: Jayaraj

Malayalam/ 123 mins


8/1/19 *BHAR DUPARI (UA)

Dir: SwapnilVasantKapure

Marathi/ 15 mins



Dir: Pratima Joshi

Marathi/ 140 mins



Dir: PrasannaPonde

Marathi/ 29 mins



Dir: Pampally

Jasari/ 114 mins



Dir: Gautam Pandey&DoelTrivedy

English/ 42 mins



Dir: PriyaKrishnaswamy

Tamil/ 92 mins


Dir: Shiny Jacob Benjamin

Malayalam/ 54 mins



Dir:SatyaprakashUpadhyay English/ 68 mins


Dir: Deepti Sivan

English/ 58 mins




Tulu/ 100 mins


Dir: S NallaMuthu

English/ 44 mins



Dir: AbhishekSaha

Bengali/ 100 mins



Dir: Jainendra Dost &Shilpi Gulati

Bhojpuri/ 72 mins



Dir: Kamakhya Narayan Singh

Hindi/ 91 mins


Dir: Zakariya

Malayalam/ 120 mins



Dir: SuhasJahagirdar

Marathi/ 38 mins



Dir: KaushikGanguly

Bengali/ 115 mins


11/1/19 *MIDNIGHT RUN  (UC)

Dir: Remya Raj

Malayalam/ 14 mins



Dir: Ram

Tamil/ 148 mins


Dir: PrabalChakraborty

Bengali/ 15 mins



Dir: Arijit Singh

Bengali/ 109 mins



Dir: VinodMankara

Malayalam/ 47 mins



Dir: NipunAvinashDharmadhikari

Marathi/ 115mins


Dir: MedhpranavBabasahebPowar

Marathi/ 13 mins



Dir: Lijo Jose Pellissery

Malayalam/ 120 mins


Dir: Arjun Dutta

Bengali/ 86 mins



Dir: Nagashwin

Telugu/ 176 mins

13/1/19 UMA (UA)

Dir: SrijitMukherji

Bengali/ 148 mins


Dir: Ali Abbas Zafar

Hindi/ 161 mins




Films marked with * are non-feature films. All the films will carry English subtitles. The entry for the Festival has been kept free of charge. Seating will take place on first-come-first-served basis.


Withdrawal of Pension Facility

Information regarding the number of Central Government employees in the country is not maintained centrally in this Ministry.  As per information provided by Department of Expenditure, the total number of Central Government civilian employees, as on 01.03.2016, was 32, 21,183

Total number of Central Government civil pensioners, as on 31.03.2018, is 37, 02,882.

Central Government employees (except Armed Forces personnel) appointed on or after 01.01.2004 are covered under the National Pension System (NPS) notified vide Ministry of Finance (Department of Economic Affair’s) Notification No. 5/7/2003-ECB & PR dated 22.12.2003 and Section 20 of PFRDA Act, 2013.  Such employees are, therefore, not covered by the Central Civil Services (Pension) Rule, 1972, which are allocable to Central Government civil employees appointed on or before 31.12.2003.

Under NPS a monthly contribution of 10 percent of basic pay plus dearness allowance is required to be made by the employees and a matching contribution is made by the Government.  It has since been decided to increase the Government contribution to 14 percent of basic pay and dearness allowance.

On superannuation/retirement, at least 40% of the accumulated pension wealth of such subscriber is mandatorily utilized for purchase of annuity providing for a monthly or any other periodical pension and the balance of the accumulated pension wealth after such utilization is paid to the subscriber in lump sum.

In the event of death of a Government servant of his discharge from service on account of disability or invalidation on medical grounds, the benefit of Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules, 1972 are available to the Government employees of his family members.

Central Government employees covered under NPS are eligible for the benefit of retirement gratuity and death gratuity on the same terms and conditions as are applicable under Central Civil Services (Pension) Rules, 1972.

NPS employees are also eligible for other post-retirement benefits such as leave encashment, group insurance, medical facility, etc., as are applicable to employees appointed before 01.01.2014.

This information was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.



Appointment of Domain Expert Through Lateral Entry into Bureaucracy

Based on the recommendations in three year Action Agenda of NITI Aayog and the recommendations made by Sectoral Group of Secretaries (SGoS) in its report submitted in February, 2017, Government decided to undertake lateral recruitment of ten Joint Secretaries in ten identified Ministries/Departments, on contract basis, in order to achieve the twin objectives of bringing in fresh talent as well as augment the availability of manpower.

In response to the advertisement, 6077 applications have been received as on the last date of receipt of applications i.e. 30th July, 2018 till 05:00PM IST.  UPSC has been entrusted with the responsibility to undertake selection process.  No appointments have been made so far.

From time to time, Government appoints specialists and domain experts in technical and professional area to meet the functional needs of the organization.

This information was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, DrJitendra Singh in written reply to a question in RajyaSabha today.


Steps to Strengthen CIC and RTI Act

The details of vacancies in various posts as furnished by Central Information Commission are as follows:-

Year No. of vacancies
2014 16
2015 14
2016 09
2017 NIL
2018 11

During the period from 2014 to 2018, the vacancies of 5 Assistants, 20 UDCs & 7 Stenos have been filled up.  In addition, the appointment against 30 vacancies for different categories of posts is under process at present.

Government has been taking steps to improve implementation of the Right to Information Act, 2005, inter-alia, as follows:-

  1. RTI Online portal (https://rtionline.gov.in) has been launched in August, 2013 by Department of Personnel and Training.
  2. Disposal of Online Request is 85% (i.e. CPIOs replying to RTI Request in online medium)
  3. Disposal of Online Appeals is also at 72% (i.e. FAAs replying to RTI appeal in online medium)
  4. Number of Public Authorities increased from 96 to approx. 2199 from 2013-14 to 2018-19 (till 15 December 2018) making it convenient for citizen to file RTI requests and first appeals online.
  5. More than 12000 Officials, staffs and end users at various Central Government offices were trained in RTI Online Portal by conducting trainings sessions across the country.

DoPT provides funds to various State Governments for establishing helpline in order to facilitate obtaining of the information by RTI applicants.

Funds are provided each year to various state Administrative Training Institutes (ATIs) by the Government to help generate awareness about RTI among the citizens of the country through measures like Distance learning programs and Online certificate course in regional languages, publishing of handbooks on RTI and distribution of the same among the public.  State Information Commissions (SICs) are also provided funds for celebration of RTI week.

This information was provided by the Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North-Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr Jitendra Singh in written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.


Year End Review of Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (Ministry of Rural Development)

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana- National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) seeks to reach out to 8-9 crore rural poor households and organize one woman member from each household into affinity-based women SHGs and federations at village level and at higher levels.


  • During 2018-19 (as on October 2018), 588 additional blocks have been covered under “Intensive” implementation strategy of DAY-NRLM bringing the cumulative total to 5054 blocks.
  • During the year 2018-19 so far, over 73 lakh households have been mobilized into 6.75 lakh SHGs.
  • SHGs have also been extended a capitalization support of Rs. 743.29 crore.
  • A total amount of Rs. 24082 lakh has been disbursed to 1.63 lakh SHGs as Revolving Fund (RF) while Rs. 50247 lakh has been disbursed to 92765 SHGs and their federation as Community Investment Fund (CIF) so far during 2018-19.
  • The SHG-Bank Linkage programme has seen tremendous growth year on year under DAY-NRLM. During this financial year, about 17.57 lakh SHGs have accessed credit of Rs. 27911 crore up to October, 2018.

Farm Livelihoods

  • This year, DAY-NRLM has taken up promotion of organic farming with women SHG members across the country. Under organic farming initiative, a total of 1646 number of organic village clustersshave been identified by 28 States/UTs. A total of 23,679 village have been identified. During the current year, it has been targeted to initiate organic farming activities in 25% of the organic village clusters. As a first step, a total of 57270 Mahila Kisan have been registered through 5816 Local Groups for taking up organic farming.
  • A total of 14.03 lakhs Mahila Kisan have been identified during the year 2018-19 under SRLM-AAP and the sub program MKSP (Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana).
  • Under the dedicated training and capacity building initiative, a total of 7283 livelihoods CRPs have been trained during the year, making it a cumulative total of 31889 livelihoods CRPs (Krishi Sakhi –17812 and Pashu Sakhi – 14077). This cadre is providing necessary extension services 24×7 at the village level.
  • Ensuring Food & Nutritional Security is one of the stated objectives of all farm livelihoods interventions and in order to make sure that this objective is met, agri-nutri gardens at Mahila Kisanhousehold level are being promoted. During the current year, agri-nutri gardens have been promoted in 10.86 lakhs Mahila Kisan households.
  • With an aim to reduce the drudgery of Mahila Kisan and to ensure timely access to farm equipment, Custom Hiring Centres are being promoted under DAY-NRLM. A total of 806 Custom Hiring Centres have been established during the year 2018-19.
  • As linking small and marginal producers with the market is a critical gap, value chain development through the promotion of producer collectives is a critical component of the implementation strategy under Farm Livelihoods. A total of 1.16 lakh Mahila Kisan have been covered under the value chain interventions for agriculture, NTFP and dairy commodities. In the year 2018-19, three Mahila Milk Producer Companies (MMPCs) have been operationalized in Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. The average daily procurement of the two MMPCs in Madhya Pradesh is between 3000-5000 litres per day. In addition, projects have been sanctioned in Uttar Pradesh for the development of dairy value chain interventions and value chain development of sesame and pulses in the Bundelkhand region.

Non-Farm Livelihoods

  • Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY) is a programme to provide safe, affordable and community monitored transport services to rural areas. The vehicles are owned and operated by members of Self-Help Group (SHG) networks and operate in regions which are not served by regular transport services. 624 routes are currently served by AGEY across the country.
  • Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP), the sub-scheme under DAY-NRLM develops an eco-system for supporting small businesses in rural areas. The eco-system has components for providing business support services, mentorship, seed capital, training & capacity building on business and technical aspects and marketing support. SVEP saturates a block with these services for supporting small business. Programme is being implemented in 131 blocks across the country. During the year, 9,282 enterprises have been formed under SVEP.