Daily Archive: December 12, 2018

Supreme Court extends last date of filling claims and objections on inclusion of names in the draft National Register of Citizen (NRC) from December 15 to December 31, 2018.Supreme Court extends last date of filling claims and objections on inclusion of names in the draft National Register of Citizen (NRC) from December 15 to December 31, 2018.

Production of Sugarcane

State-wise details of sown area under sugarcane crops during each of the last three years i.e. from 2015-16 to 2017-18 are given at Annexure.

The normal area (average of latest five years) under sugarcane cultivation in the country is 48.84 lakh hectares. During 2015-16 area under sugarcane was estimated above the normal area coverage at 49.27 lakh hectares. The area under sugarcane declined to 44.36 lakh hectares during 2016-17 due to lesser area coverage in Maharashtra and then increased to 47.32 lakh hectares during 2017-18.

The area under sugarcane cultivation depends on farmer’s preference, shift of area to other competing crops, agro-climatic conditions, inter-crop profitability, irrigation facilities, and resource availability with farmers and timely payment of cane dues to farmers by the mills etc.

To enhance production and productivity of sugarcane in the country, the Government has been implementing           Sugarcane Development Programme under National Food Security Mission – Commercial Crops (NFSM-CC) in 13      major sugarcane growing states of the country viz. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh,Maharashtra, Odisha, Punjab, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh from 2014-15. Under this scheme thrust has been given on transfer of technology through frontline demonstrations and training in order to extend benefits to the farmers.  The components under NFSM-CC Sugarcane includes demonstration on inter-cropping and single bud chip technology with sugarcane, assistance for breeder seed production, production / supply    of tissue culture plantlets/seedlings, distribution of plant protection chemicals and bio-agents, etc. The Central Government also fixes Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane, well in advance of sowing season, to induce farmers to sow sugarcane. FRP is a minimum benchmark price below which sugar mills cannot purchase cane from the cane growers.

The states can also support Sugarcane Development Programme under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) with the approval of State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLCC).

 

Annexure
Annexure referred to in reply to parts (a) to (c) of the Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No.111 due for reply on 11.12.2018
 Area of Sugarcane during 2015-16 to 2017-18
State Area (‘000 Hectares)
2015-16 2016-17 2017-18*
Andhra Pradesh 122.0 103.0 99.0
Assam 29.5 31.4 30.0
Bihar 244.0 239.6 236.2
Chhattisgarh 35.5 20.8 29.9
Gujarat 157.0 169.0 182.0
Haryana 93.0 102.0 114.0
Himachal Pradesh 1.9 1.7 1.6
Jammu & Kashmir 0.2 0.0 1.0
Jharkhand 10.2 7.4 7.5
Karnataka 450.0 397.0 350.0
Kerala 1.4 1.1 1.1
Madhya Pradesh 103.0 92.0 98.0
Maharashtra 987.0 633.3 902.0
Orissa 9.0 5.5 3.7
Punjab 90.0 88.0 96.0
Rajasthan 6.1 6.9 5.4
Tamilnadu 252.3 218.3 179.7
Telengana 35.0 29.0 35.0
Uttar Pradesh 2169.0 2160.0 2234.0
Uttarakhand 96.9 93.0 90.0
West Bengal 17.4 21.0 19.2
Others 16.8 15.8 16.7
All-India 4927.1 4435.7 4732.0
* As per 4th Advance Estimates.

 

This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

 

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Impact of changing weather patterns on agriculture

As per the Ministry of Earth Science, there is no evidence of change in weather pattern over the country. However, there have been extreme weather events in the recent past including extended dry periods, floods, hailstorms, cyclonic rains and winds etc., which caused damage to standing crops and ultimately poor yield of crops.

 

The State Government is primarily responsible for taking necessary relief measures in the wake of natural calamities.  For undertaking relief measures, funds are available with the State Government in the form of State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF), Additional financial assistance, over and above SDRF, is considered from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) for natural calamities of severe nature and is approved on the basis of Memorandum received from State Government, in accordance with established procedure.

 

Agricultural crops have been affected due to calamities, the details of the assistance provided under natural calamities during the last three years is given at Annexure-I, During the year 2018-19 (as on 06.12.2018), the State Government of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Gujarat and Rajasthan had declared drought and submitted Memorandum seeking financial assistance from NDRF.  Inter Ministerial Central Teams have been constituted for on the spot assessment of drought situation in these states.  The state Government of Odisha has also declared drought but has not submitted any Memorandum.

 

As per available information, the scientist of India Meteorological Department and other institutions has found significant changes in the rainfall pattern, extreme events etc. Both flood and drought in individual years does not depend on climate change. However, as an impact of climate change, it is being reported that the spatial variability, intensity and frequency of extreme events like heavy rainfall have increased. Unseasonal/heavy rains accompanied with hailstorm, cyclone etc. has affected the states is given at       Annexure –II.

 

Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA) of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has prepared districts wise contingency plan for 633 districts. Under contingency plan, the States are advised to use short duration, drought tolerant, alternate crops, flood/water logged tolerant varieties besides use of new technologies on crop cultivation. In order to insulate farmers against the loss of crop due to natural calamities, Government of India has launched Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) from April 2016.

 

Annexure –I

 

Annexure –I as reference in part (b) by Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 45 due for 11.12.2018

Assistance approved from National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) for Natural Calamities (Drought & hailstorm) in the States from (2015-16 to 2017-18)

(Rs in Crore)

During – 2015-16
S. No State Calamity Amount sought by the state Amount approved by
1 Karnataka Drought-K

Drought-R

3830.84

1417.14

1540.20

723.23

2 Chhattisgarh Drought 6093.79 1276.25
3 Madhya Pradesh Drought 5114.53 2032.68
4 Maharashtra Drought

Drought-R

6020.36

2251.66

3638.83

679.54

5 Odisha Drought 2344.99 815.00
6 Telangana Drought 2601.99 791.21
7 Uttar Pradesh Drought

Drought-R

2057.79

1888.35

1304.52

622.76

8 Andhra Pradesh Drought 2000.56 433.77
9 Jharkhand Drought 2142.78 336.94
10 Rajasthan Drought

Hailstorm

10537.02

4372.27

1193.41

79.18

11 Uttarakhand Drought-R 91.97 70.22
  Total:   52765.22 15537.74
During – 2016-17
1 Karnataka Drought-(K)

Drought-(R)

4702.54

3310.83

1782.44

795.54

2 Andhra Pradesh Drought-(K) 2513.97 518.93
3 Kerala Drought-(K) 1019.90 112.05
4 Tamil Nadu Drought-(K) 39565.00 1748.28
5 Rajasthan Drought-(K) 3660.97 588.34
6 Puducherry Drought-(R) 132.35 17.70
  Total   54905.56 5563.28
During – 2017-18
1 Madhya Pradesh Drought (K) 3705.95 836.09
2 Chhattisgarh Drought (K) 4401.00 395.91
3 Rajasthan Drought (K) 3078.26 526.14
4 Andhra Pradesh Drought-R 519.06 113.14
5 Maharashtra Pest Attack/Ockhi 3373.31 60.76
6 Uttar Pradesh Drought-R 678.98 157.23
  Total:   15756.56 2089.27

 

Annexure –II

 

Annexure –II as reference in part (c) by Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 45 due for 11.12.2018

Extreme Weather Events in the last three years (2015-2017)

Events Affected areas
2015
Heavy rainfall Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh,  Manipur, Odisha,  Rajasthan, West Bengal
Hailstorm Bihar, Gujarat,  Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, J&K, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, West Bengal
Drought Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Rajasthan
Cyclone Gujarat
2016
Heavy rainfall Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Assam, Bihar & Madhya Pradesh
Hailstorm Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
Drought Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha
Cyclone

(Vardah)

Tamil Nadu
2017
Flood Gujarat, South Rajasthan, West Bengal, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Northern Coastal Andhra Pradesh
Hailstorm Maharashtra, Vidarbha, Central Madhya Pradesh
Drought Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, East Madhya Pradesh,  Vidarbha
Cyclone(Ockhi) Kerala,  Tamil Nadu

 

This information was given by  Minister of State for Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

 

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Implementation of Modern Techniques in Agriculture  

As per the results of ‘Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households’ conducted by National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in 2013, about 63.5 percent of the agricultural households in the rural areas of the country reported cultivation as their principal source of income. Details of the number of farmers still following age old practices are not available in the Survey.

Government has been taking various initiatives to create awareness among farmers about new techniques through such programmes as  extension reforms, Mass Media Support to Agricultural Extension, Kisan Call Centers, Agri-Clinics and Agri-business Centers, Exhibitions/Fairs, etc. A Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms’ popularly known as ATMA Scheme is being implemented in 676 districts of 29 states & 3 UTs of the country, including all the districts of Maharashtra & Jharkhand. The scheme promotes decentralized and farmer-friendly extension system in the country. Under the Scheme, Grants-in-aid is released to the State Governments {In the ratio of 60:40 (Centre:State) to General States, 90:10 for North-Eastern & 3 Himalayan States and 100% for UTs} with an objective to support State Government’s efforts to revitalize their extension system and making available the latest agricultural technologies and good agricultural practices in different thematic areas. The extension activities include farmers training, demonstrations, exposure visits, Kisan Mela, mobilization of Farmers Groups and organizing Farm Schools, etc.

Since inception w.e.f. 2005-06 to 2018-19 (upto 6th December, 2018), over 483.82 lakh farmers have been benefitted through different extension activities under the Scheme. Details are given in the Annexure.

 

Annexure

Annexure in reference to reply to Part (c) to (f) of L.S Unstarred Q.No. 104 due for

Reply on 11-12-2018

 

Details of farmers benefitted through different extension activities from 2005-06 to 2018-19 (up to 6th December, 2018)
S. N0. STATE ATMA Districts Farmers Benefitted
1 Andhra Pradesh 13 1963115
2 Bihar 38 5331746
3 Chhatisgarh 27 1400716
4 Goa 2 15731
5 Gujarat 33 3880759
6 Haryana 21 659145
7 Himachal Pradesh 12 573877
8 J & K 22 158055
9 Jharkhand 24 908944
10 Karnataka 29 2195407
11 Kerala 14 2070533
12 Maharashtra 33 2946071
13 Madhya Pradesh 51 3786817
14 Orissa 30 4280660
15 Punjab 22 1712617
16 Rajasthan 33 2660159
17 Telangana 30 477732
18 Tamil Nadu 31 3209473
19 Uttar Pradesh 75 5561465
20 Uttarakhand 13 1056672
21 West Bengal 19 1622076
22 Assam 26 101207
23 Arunachal Pradesh 21 281355
24 Manipur 9 135578
25 Meghalaya 11 35185
26 Mizoram 8 143436
27 Nagaland 11 867961
28 Tripura 8 135912
29 Sikkim 4 83428
30 Delhi 1 162
31 Puducherry 2 24934
32 A&N 3 101416
  Total 676 48382343

 

This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

 

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Implementation of Swaminathan Committee Report

Government fixes-the Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) of various agricultural crops on the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP), after ascertaining the views of State Governments and Central Ministries/ Departments concerned. While recommending MSPs, CACP considers the cost of production and host of factors such as demand-supply situation, trends in domestic and international prices, inter-crop price parity, terms of trade between agricultural and non-agricultural sectors and the likely impact of MSP on consumers and overall economy along with rational utilization of scarce natural resources like land and water.

 

National Commission on Farmers headed by Dr. M. S. Swaminathan submitted its report in 2006. One of the recommendations of Commission was that MSP should be at least 50 percent more than the weighted average cost of production. This recommendation was not incorporated in the National policy for Farmers 2007. However, recently Government has increased the MSP for all Kharif and Rabi crops and other commercial crops for the season 2018-19 with a return of atleast 50 percent over cost of production, which was a historic decision by the Government.

 

This information was given by  Minister of State for Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Parshottam Rupala.

 

 

Crop Production

The Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) fixes target for the production of foodgrains in the country annually. The target for the production of foodgrains has been fixed at 290.25 million tonnes for the 2018-19.The production of foodgrains in the country has been estimated at 284.83 million tonnes (4th Advance Estimates) for 2017-18, which is a record.

 

As per the India Meteorological Department (IMD), the rainfall in the country was normal (-9%) during South-West monsoon season (June to September 2018).

 

The production of foodgrains in the country during Kharif 2018 has been estimated at 141.59 million tonnes (1st Advance Estimates) against 140.73 million tonnes (4th Advance Estimates) during kharif 2017, which is higher by 0.86 million tonnes.

 

This information was given by the Minister of State for Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

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Reduction of Premium of PMFBY

Under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) and Restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (RWBCIS), the premium payable by farmers has been substantially reduced and simplified and there is one premium rate on pan-India basis for farmers which is maximum 1.5%, 2% and 5% of sum insured for Rabi, Kharif and annual horticultural / commercial crops, respectively.

Crop insurance is a major risk mitigation tool for the benefit of farmers. Insurance is all about spreading the risk over the period and over the area. Insurers save premium in good seasons/years and pay high claims, if any, in bad years from the savings made in the good years. As against the premium collected from farmers amounting to Rs.4216.04 crore in 2016-17, claims of Rs. 16279.25 crore have been paid to farmers.  Similarly, claims of Rs.16967.92 crore have been paid during 2017-18 (Kharif 2017) against premium collected from farmers amounting to 3038.70 crore.   Details of the premium received by insurance companies and claimed paid to the farmers during last three seasons is as under.

 

(Rs. in Crore)

Season Gross Premium received Farmers contribution in Gross Premium Total Claims
2016-17 22345.51 4216.04 16279.25
2017-18 (Kharif’17 only) 19767.46 3038.70 16967.92

 

In spite of overall good monsoon during first two years of implementation of PMFBY, the claim ratio during 2016-17 is about 73% and during Kharif 2017, it is about 86%. Moreover, administrative and other cost for insurance company for implementation of the scheme ranges from 10-12%.   Moreover, administrative and other cost for insurance company for implementation of the scheme ranges from 10% to 12% of gross premium. Further, the farmers in most affected areas/States received higher claims and the claim ratio was high in these States viz. Kerala 210% and Karnataka-132%, during Kharif 2016, Tamil Nadu – 287% and Andhra Pradesh 159% during Rabi 2016-17.  Similarly during Kharif 2017, the higher claim ratio is in the States of Chhattisgarh – 425%, Haryana – 201%, Madhya Pradesh – 135% and Odisha – 204%.

This information was given by Minister of State for Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Parshottam Rupala.

 

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HIKE IN MSP

Government fixes Minimum Support Prices (MSPs) of 22 mandated agricultural crops and Fair & Remunerative Price (FRP) for Sugarcane on the basis of recommendations of Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP), after considering the views of State Governments and Central Ministries/Departments concerned and other relevant factors. In addition, MSP for Toria and De-Husked coconut is also fixed on the basis of MSPs of Rapeseed/Mustard and Copra respectively. The Union Budget for 2018-19 had announced the pre-determined principle to keep MSPs at levels of one and half times the cost of production for all mandated crops. Accordingly, Government has increased MSPs for all mandated agricultural crops for the season 2018-19Details of cost, MSP and percent return over cost for the year 2017-18 & 2018-19 is at Annexure I. This decision of the Government was a historic one as it fulfills the commitment to the farmers to provide 50 per cent return over cost of production for the first time.

Government is committed to farmers welfare and towards this objective it has changed its strategy from being production centric to an income centric one. The above MSP policy is another progressive step forward in a series of reforms that the Government has been rolling out for the last 4 years, committed as it is to doubling farmers’ income by 2022 and improving the welfare substantively.

Region specific parameters are kept in view by the CACP while recommending MSP for agricultural crops.  Since the cost of production varies in different States on account of differences in levels of irrigation, resource endowment, farm mechanization, land holding size etc., CACP uses all-India weighted average cost of production while making its recommendations and recommends uniform MSP which is applicable to all states. Details of State-wise cost of production for the year 2018-19 is given at Annexure II. As per the existing arrangements, procurement is made of the crops for which MSPs are announced through Central and State agencies. In so far as cereals/nutri cereals are concerned, they are procured through FCI and decentralized procurement system mainly for distribution under the public distribution system (PDS), for welfare schemes and buffer stocking for food security. Government implements Price Support Scheme (PSS) for   procurement of  oilseeds,    pulses  and    cotton    through     Central  Nodal Agencies  at  MSP  declared   by   the    Government.     A n ew c Umbrella   Scheme ‘Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay

SanraksHan Abhiyan’ (PM-AASHA) has been announced by the government. The scheme consists of three sub-schemes i.e. Price Support Scheme (PSS), Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) and Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme (PPSS) on a pilot basis.

The payments to the farmers are made through Real Time Gross settlement (RTGS)/ National Electronic Fund Transfer (NEFT) and account payee cheque by the procuring agencies. However, if producer/farmers gets better price in comparison to MSP, they are free to sell their produce in open market.

 

Annexure I

Annexure referred to in reply to part (a) to (c) of Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No.14 due for reply on 11.12.2018.

 

Cost*, Minimum Support Price (MSP) & percent return over cost               

 (Rs/Qtl)

                  Sl. No. Commodity 2017-18 2018-19
KHARIF  CROPS Cost MSP % Return over cost Cost MSP % Return over cost
1 PADDY(Common) 1117 1550 38.8 1166 1750 50.1
2 JOWAR (Hybrid) 1556 1700 9.3 1619 2430 50.1
3 BAJRA 949 1425 50.2 990 1950 97.0
4 MAIZE 1044 1425 36.5 1131 1700 50.3
5 RAGI 1861 1900 2.1 1931 2897 50.0
6 ARHAR(Tur) 3318 5450 64.3 3432 5675 65.4
7 MOONG 4286 5575 30.1 4650 6975 50.0
8 URAD 3265 5400 65.4 3438 5600 62.9
9 COTTON (Medium Staple) 3276 4020 22.7 3433 5150 50.0
10 GROUNDNUT IN SHELL 3159 4450 40.9 3260 4890 50.0
11 SUNFLOWER SEED 3481 4100 17.8 3592 5388 50.0
12 SOYABEEN 2121 3050 43.8 2266 3399 50.0
13 SESAMUM 4067 5300 30.3 4166 6249 50.0
14 NIGERSEED 3912 4050 3.5 3918 5877 50.0
  RABI CROPS            
1 WHEAT 817 1735 112.4 866 1840 112.5
2 BARLEY 845 1410 66.9 860 1440 67.4
3 GRAM 2461 4400 78.8 2637 4620 75.2
4 MASUR (LENTIL) 2366 4250 79.6 2532 4475 76.7
5 RAPESEED/MUSTARD 2123 4000 88.4 2212 4200 89.9
6 SAFFLOWER 3125 4100 31.2 3294 4945 50.1
  OTHER CROPS            
1 COPRA (Milling) 4758 6500 36.6 5007 7511 50.0
2 JUTE 2160 3500 62.0 2267 3700 63.2
3 SUGARCANE# 152 255 67.8 155 275 77.4

 

Includes all paid out costs such as those incurred on account of hired human labour, bullock labour/machine labour, rent paid for leased in land, expenses incurred on use of material inputs like seeds, fertilizers, manures, irrigation charges, depreciation on implements and farm buildings, interest on working capital, diesel/electricity for operation of pump sets etc, miscellaneous expenses and imputed value of family labour.

# Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP)

Annexure-II

Annexure referred to in reply to part (d)&(e) of Lok Sabha Unstarred Question No. 14 due for reply on 11.12.2018
(Rs../Qtl.)
Year 2018-19
Crop Paddy Jowar Bajra Maize Ragi Arhar (Tur) Moong Urad Cotton Groundnut Soyabean Sunflower Sesamum Nigerseed Wheat Barley Gram Masur Rapeseed/

Mustard

Safflower
MSP 1750 2430 1950 1700 2897 5675 6975 5600 5150 4890 3399 5388 6249 5877 1840 1440 4620 4475 4200 4945
State Cost*
Andhra

Pradesh

1067 1302   803   4552 3411 1860 3562 2757   3667 5752       3245      
Assam 1259                                   4195  
Bihar 1065     814                     972     1951 1904  
Chhattisgarh 1002             2567     2679           2443      
Gujarat 1080   982 1819   3772     3018 3364     5912   1122       2140  
Haryana 1068   1085           3114           783       1788  
Himachal Pradesh 1071     1526                     1485          
Jharkhand 1369     915                     1149          
Karnataka 1095 1936 1555 1010 2139 3276 4724   3272 4767   3682         3064     1992
Kerala 1342                                      
Madhya

Pradesh

1306 1412   1011   2704   2812 3653   1984   3685   845   2402 2281 1475  
Maharashtra 2102 1685 2119 1415 2097 3693 6688 5697 3990 4253 2777 2988     1717   2942     4438
Odisha 1382     1159   4304 4497 4700 4056 3543     5427 3918            
Punjab 702     961         3304           654          
Rajasthan   1410 867 1612     4587 4927 2656 1554 2378   5205   903 850 2277   2269  
Tamil Nadu 1174 1147 995 1111 1471   3921 4152 4342 4240     5825              
Uttar Pradesh 1119   811 1279   3320   4004         4516   917 881 3362 3103 2315  
Uttarakhand 1012       1050                   913          
West Bengal 1379                       2823         2626 2922  
All India 1166 1619 990 1131 1931 3432 4650 3438 3433 3260 2266 3592 4166 3918 866 860 2637 2532 2212 3294

 

This information was given by  Minister of State for Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat.

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APS/RCS