Monthly Archive: November 2018
बीते महीने केरल के विवादित सबरीमला मंदिर में प्रवेश करने की नाकाम कोशिश करने वाली महिला को पुलिस ने “अश्लीलता प्रदर्शित करती” एक तस्वीर पोस्ट करने के आरोप में गिरफ्तार किया है.
32 साल की रेहाना फ़ातिमा पर आरोप है कि सबरीमला मंदिर जाते वक्त उन्होंने सोशल मीडिया फ़ेसबुक पर अपनी एक सेल्फ़ी पोस्ट की थी. इस तस्वीर में उनकी थाई (जंघाएं) दिख रही थीं.
रेहाना टेलीकॉम तकनीशियन के तौर पर काम करती हैं और एक मॉडल हैं. इसी साल अक्तूबर में रेहाना और एक अन्य महिला पत्रकार कड़ी पुलिस सुरक्षा में सबरीमला पहुंची थीं. हलांकि वो मंदिर के मुख्य दरवाज़े तक पहुंच गई थीं लेकिन भक्तों के विरोध के बाद वो वहं से लौट आई थीं.
माना जाता है कि सबरीमला में मौजूद मंदिर के भगवान स्वामी अयप्पा कुंवारे हैं और इस कारण ‘रजस्वला’ होने वाली उम्र के दौरान यानी 10 से 50 साल की महिलाएं मंदिर में प्रवेश नहीं कर सकतीं.
हिंदू धर्म में ऐसी महिलाओं को अपवित्र माना जाता है जो माहवारी की उम्र में होती हैं और इस कारण माहवारी के दिनों में उनके पूजा पाठ करने पर भी रोक होती है.
सबरीमला मंदिर के प्रबंधन का कहना है कि मंदिर में महिलाओं के प्रवेश पर रोक इसलिए हैं क्योंकि भगवान स्वामी अयप्पा कुंवारे हैं. इसी साल सितंबर में सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने इस रोक को हटा दिया था और आदेश दिया था कि सभी उम्र की महिलाएं सबरीमला में प्रवेश कर सकती हैं.
इस आदेश को अब करीब दो महीने बीत चुके हैं लेकिन हिंदू मान्यताओं को मानने वाले भक्तों के विरोध के कारण अब तक मंदिर में महिलाओं को प्रवेश नहीं मिल पाया है.
रेहाना की मित्र और महिलाधिकार कार्यकर्ता आरती एसए ने बीबीसी को बताया कि मंगलवार को रेहाना को कोच्चि स्थित उनके दफ़्तर से गिरफ़्तार किया गया है
उन्होंने बताया कि रेहाना को जज ने 14 दिन की हिरासत में भेजा है ताकि उनके ख़िलाफ़ लगे आरोपों की जांच की जा सके. रेहाना पर धार्मिक भावनाओं को आहत करने के भी आरोप हैं.
रेहाना सरकारी टेलीकॉम कंपनी बीएसएनएल में काम करती हैं. बीएसएनएल ने कहा है कि जांच पूरी होने तक रेहाना को बर्ख़ास्त किया गया है.
मामला क्या है?
बीते सप्ताह सबरीमला जाने के रास्ते ने रेहाना ने अपने फ़ेसबुक अकाउंट पर इपनी एस तस्वीर पोस्ट की थी. इसमें को काले कपड़ों में थीं (स्वामी अयप्पा के भक्त काले रंग के कपड़े पहनते हैं), उनके माथे पर चंदन लगा हुआ था और उन्होंने अपने कपड़े घुटने तक उठाए हुए हैं. आरोप है कि ये तस्वीर स्वामी अयप्पा की एक भंगिमा का मज़ाक उड़ा रही है.
महिला अधिकारों से जुड़ी कार्यकर्ताओं का कहना है कि महिलाओं पर रोक पुरुषसत्तात्मक सोच का प्रतीक है. वहीं दूसरे पक्ष के वो लोजो ग अपने भगवान को बचाने की दलील देते हुए महिलाओं को रोकते हैं वो कहते हैं कि परंपरा के अनुसार रजस्वला महिलाओं के प्रवेश से भगवान का कुंवारापन ख़तरे में पड़ जाएगा.
सुप्रीम कोर्ट के आदेश के बाद से हज़ारों प्रदर्शनकारी महिला भक्तों का रास्ता रोकने के लिए सड़कों पर उतर आए हैं जिनमें महिलाएं भी शामिल हैं. इन विरोध प्रदर्शनों के दौरान कई महिलाओं पर हमले हुए हैं और संपत्ति का नुक़सान हुआ है.
विरोध प्रदर्शनों में शामिल होने के लिए हजारों लोगों को गिरफ़्तार किया गया है. इनमें से अधिकतर को अब छोड़ दिया है जबकि कुछ अब भी जेल में हैं.
GDP Q2 estimates a reflections of government’s successful policy efforts in maintaining a stable domestic envi ronment despite global uncertainties
PMEAC30-November, 2018 18:34 IST
The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation released the estimates of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the second quarter (July-September) Q2 of 2018-19. As per the CSO, growth rate estimates of GDP at Constant Prices forJuly-September 2018 stand at 7.1%.These estimates represent a sizable jump from last year’s Q2 growth rate estimates of 6.3%, indicating sustainedacceleration in India’s economic growth. The CSO estimates state that GDP at constant priceswas Rs. 33.98 lakh crores for Q2, 2018-19,which is a marked increase from ofRs. 31.72 lakh crores and Rs. 29.79 lakh crores for the same period in 2017-18 and 2016-17, respectively.
Welcoming this development, Dr. Bibek Debroy, Chairman of the Economic Advisory Council to Prime Minister (EAC-PM) attributed this positive trend to government’ssuccessful policy efforts in maintaining a stable domestic environment despite global uncertainties. He further stated that the government’s focus onsimplifyingIndia’s business and investment eco-system, complimented by its initiatives to make growth more equitable and inclusivehas greatly improved India’s economic health in the recent past.
He added that despite international trade tensions and volatile crude oil prices, India’s strong economic fundamentals continue to provide the much-needed thrust for it to be a major global driver of economic growth. The robust growth rates in sectors such asmanufacturing and constructionshow thatthe growth momentum continues to be broad based.The encouraging growth figuresalong with continued empowerment of the economically disadvantaged through programs such as last mile electricity connectivity and housing for all, are positive signs for India’s economic prospects in the coming quarters.
NITI Aayog30-November, 2018 18:19 IST
Day-long deliberations on a fifteen year vision for the health sector
The NITI Aayog today organized a day-long dialogue on “Health System for A New India: Building Blocks”, with national and international academia, practitioners, Indian policymakers and other stakeholders of the healthcare ecosystem.
The dialogue was the first in the series of NITI Aayog’s “Development Dialogues” that aims to facilitate multisectoral conversations on India’s developmental issues, which constitute a part of the country’s 15 Year Vision document.
The inaugural session was chaired by Dr Vinod Paul, Member, NITI Aayog and included the participation of Shri Amitabh Kant, CEO, NITI Aayog, MsPreeti Sudan, Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Shri Alok Kumar, Adviser, NITI Aayog. Dr. SuwitWibulpolprasert, Global Health Advisor, Government of Thailand gave the keynote address detailing Thailand’s four-decade journey towards Universal Health Coverage.
“This dialogue is a sign that Health has taken center-stage of the policy narrative. We must move towards breaking silos between various stakeholders in the health space, remove fragmentation between various initiatives, and ensure convergence between various ministries and also between Centre and States. POSHAN Abhiyan and Ayushman Bharat can be an innovative model to view integrated health systems”, said Dr Rajiv Kumar, Vice-Chairman, NITI Aayog, addressing the closing plenary of the dialogue.
The dialogue focused on strengthening and further building on the existing blocks for Health Systems for a New India and prioritized four critical health systems issues for discussion and debate. These included expanding resources for health through pooling existing funds; expanding the role of the government as a strategic purchaser from both public and private providers to improve quality of healthcare services; provision of equitable and integrated services; and leveraging technology as an enabler and aggregator.
The dialogue also deliberated convergence of fragmented building blocks of financing and service provision, with each reinforcing the other, and moving fromprogrammatic or schematic approaches to a systemsapproach to healthcare.
The roll-out of the ambitious Ayushman Bharat was also hailed as a good opportunity to bring in systems thinking and de-fragmenting the various building blocks of healthcare systematically over time. Further, strengthening governance, policy and regulatory frameworks and institutions were deemed key to ensuring systemic transformation of the health sector for a new India.
There was broad consensus that the development of a health system for India can lead to the growth of a healthy and globally competitive healthcare insuranceand health service provision industry and more importantly, improved consumer experience and citizen trust in the healthcare system. Dr Paul emphasized that trust in the system will be key for building an efficient health system for a new India, which is inclusive, integrative and indigenous.
As Mr Kant stated in the inaugural plenary, it is time to bring the patient to the centre of the health care narrative and the time has come to evolve a world-class health system which is transformative and uniquely Indian.
It is estimated that if the required decisions in terms of creating a functioning Health system are taken, then it shall reduce adult deaths by up to 16% by 2030, thereby increasing economic growth up to 32%.
It is also estimated that breaking programmatic silos and integration of various schemes within a systems approach will lead to reduction in avoidable out-of-pocket expenses to about 45%of total health spending by 2030, preventing at least 1.5 millionadditional households to go below the poverty line due to illness and unaffordable health care.
The discussions were guided by analysis undertaken by well-known international experts from multilateral organisations, along with over 25 national and international experts from over six countries and 150 participants representing government, private sector, insurance companies, third party administrators, research and academia.
The analysis and insights highlight that investments in strengthening and building on the current mixed health system will reap social and economic dividend for India.
Ministry of Finance30-November, 2018 17:03 IST
Dr. Ajay Bhushan Pandey (IAS: MH 1984) took over as the Union Revenue Secretary upon superannuation of Dr Hasmukh Adhia here today. Outgoing Finance Secretary & Revenue Secretary, Dr Hasmukh Adhia welcomed Dr Pandey in his office. A Maharashtra cadre officer, Dr. Pandey will continue to head the Unique Identification authority of India (UIDAI) as its CEO and will also hold his position as the Chairman of GSTN.
An Indian Administrative Service officer with over 34 years of experience in State and Central Governments, he had a remarkable stint of more than 8 years in UIDAI where he played a key role in establishing and steering Aadhaar across the country and drafting the historic Aadhaar legislation for providing statutory basis to Aadhaar. He also successfully explained Aadhaar and its benefits and the underlying technology to the 5-judge Constitution bench in the Supreme Court through his two-day long power point presentation in the open court room which helped the Government in successfully defending the Aadhaar case against 37 petitions. He was also instrumental in scaling up Aadhaar in delivery of government subsidies and benefits which led to savings of more than Rs 90,000 Crore during the last three years by eliminating ghosts and duplicates and ensuring that the benefits reach the real and deserving beneficiaries. It is under his steering that Aadhaar has earned worldwide acclaim.
Prior to joining UIDAI in 2010, he played an important role in reforming power distribution system as Managing Director of Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company where he brought down transmission and distribution losses remarkably and helped the state in tiding over massive power shortage. Also, during his tenure as Principal Secretary, Information Technology in Maharashtra, he contributed significantly in driving many key e-Governance projects. Early in his career, he had also headed Enforcement Division of Maharashtra Sales Tax department.
An Electrical Engineering graduate from IIT Kanpur, he joined the University of Minnesota in 1998 to obtain his MS and PhD in Computer Science and was later awarded Distinguished Leadership Award for Internationals by the University of Minnesota for his outstanding leadership accomplishments in his professional career.
Later speaking to the media, Dr. Pandey said that his priorities among others would be to help government improve Tax–GDP ratio, enhance tax compliance through integration of technology, stabilize the implementation of GST, bring transparency and simplification of laws and procedures for better tax administration and ease of business. He would welcome any suggestions from public regarding direct and indirect tax reforms as this would help to get feedback and pave the way for providing better incentives and services to the tax payers.
Monthly Account of the Government of India up to the month of October 2018 for the Financial Year 2018-19
Ministry of Finance30-November, 2018 17:14 IST
The Monthly Account of the Union Government of India up to the month of October, 2018 has been consolidated and the reports have been published.
The major highlights are given below:-
The Government of India has received Rs.8,08,010 crore (44.45% of corresponding BE 18-19 of Total Receipts) upto October, 2018 comprising Rs. 6,61,113 crore Tax Revenue (Net to Centre), Rs. 1,27,716 crore of Non-Tax Revenue and Rs.19,181 crore of Non-Debt Capital Receipts.
Non-Debt Capital Receipts consists of Recovery of Loans (Rs.9, 080 crore) and Disinvestment of PSUs (Rs. 10,101 crore).
Rs. 3,77,076 crore has been transferred to the State Governments as Devolution of Share of Taxes by the Government of India up to this period which is Rs. 39,796 crore higher than the corresponding period of last year 2017-18.
Total Expenditure incurred by Government of India is Rs.14,56,593 crore (59.64% of corresponding BE 18-19), out of which Rs.12, 79,494 crore is on Revenue Account and Rs.1,77,099 crore is on Capital Account. Out of the total Revenue Expenditure, Rs.2,92,093 crore is on account of Interest Payments and Rs.2,08,421 crore is on account of Major Subsidies.
Ministry of Electronics & IT30-November, 2018 16:39 IST
Digital India initiatives have gone beyond political barriers. No State or Central Government has opposed the new initiative of Modi Government that has potential to change India. Union Minister of Electronics & IT and Law & Justice, Sh. Ravi Shankar Prasad said this today while releasing Yojana Magazine special issue on Digital India. He however added that digital medium has to be safe & secure to ensure equitable spread of its benefits. Sh. Prasad said digital inclusion initiative of the Government is already being acknowledged globally.
The Minister advised I&B officials to have in-depth discussion analysis of data security & privacy aspects of digitalization in the future issue of the magazine. He said in less than five years the Government has made 307 Government services available on Umang platform and efforts are on to bring all Central & State services on this platform. Advances in the communication field have immensely enriched urban people in big cities but those in smaller cities are still dependent on informative platforms like Yojana.
The Yojana is a development monthly magazine devoted to socio-economic issues. It provides a platform for discussion on problems of social and economic development of the country through in-depth analysis of these issues. The magazine is published by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
It is published in 13 languages across the nation namely English, Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Assamese, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam and Oriya. The Yojana magazine has a subscriber base of over 2 and a half lakhs with a readership extending to over Eight lakhs. Yojana readership includes planners and policymakers as well as aspirants of competitive exams.
The Digital India Programme of the Government aims to transform India into a knowledge-based economy and digitally empowered society by ensuring digital access, digital inclusion, digital empowerment and bridging the digital divide. Digital identity through 122 crore Aadhaar is helping the poor receive the benefits directly into their bank account and has led to a saving of Rs. 90,000 crore. A vast network of more than 3.06 lakh of digital services delivery centres, spread across 2.10 lakh Gram Panchayats, across the country has been created to provide access to more than 300 digital services especially in rural areas at an affordable cost. Over, 1.45 crore people have been imparted training under world largest Digital Literacy Programme i.e. PMGDISHA.
More than 100 BPO units have come up in about 100 small towns of India across 20 States and 2 Union Territories. From 2 units in 2014, now India has 127 units manufacturing mobile handset and components. Promotion of Hardware Manufacturing in the Country has created more than 4.5 lakh jobs opportunities (direct & indirect).
The December issue on Digital India focuses on the initiatives of Digital India leading to digital inclusion and empowerment common person. The articles in the magazine highlight different aspects and domain areas of the digital economy of the country. These have been written by a strong set of authors representing the digital sector. Union Minister of Electronics & IT and Law & Justice. Sh. Ravi Shankar Prasad, Secretary Revenue & CEO UIDAI, Sh. Ajay Bhushan Pandey, Sh. R. Chandrasekhar, Former President NASSCOM, Sh. R.S. Sharma, Chairman, TRAI & others have contributed views on the progress in Digital India during the last four years of this Government.
The Power of technologies has grown at a pace far exceeding our ability to leverage them in key social sectors. The new era requires speed: in thought, in action, in governance and regulatory changes, this has been explained by Shri R. Chandrasekhar, the former president of NASSCOM. Shri R. S. Sharma, Chairman, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India has pointed out that the regulators have the onerous responsibility of maintaining a balance between encouraging innovation, protecting consumers, creating an environment for orderly growth of the industry as well as address unintended consequences of disruptions. Regulations should be adaptive, collaborative and impact assessment of regulation should be done.
Cybersecurity issues in digitalization and the changing paradigm of Cyber Security and methodological approach has been given by Ms Rama Vedashree, CEO, Data Security Council of India. A special article on Aadhaar as empowerment enabler and a game changer for the poor and for India, by Shri Ajay Bhushan Pandey CEO, UIDAI has also been included in the issue. Aadhaar ensures that the benefits reach directly to the deserving beneficiaries in a hassle-free manner.
It also includes the article on inclusive growth and transformative impact of Digital India leading to ease of living by Ms Simmi Chaudhary, Economic Adviser, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). The dynamics, opportunities and the growth in the Electronic Manufacturing sector of India have been highlighted by Shri Pankaj Mohindroo,Chairman of India Cellular & Electronics Association.
Shri Lalitesh Katragadda, founder of Indihood, Chief Product Adviser for Avanti Finance in his article has shared his idea of how Digital India is at the heart of Poorna Swaraj. The importance of the use and proliferation of language technology for Indian languages in digital devices has been explained by Shri Rajiv Sangal, Professor, Language Technologies Research Centre, IIIT Hyderabad. Rapid advances in IT has revolutionaries the role of libraries, therefore, the needs of digitisation of traditional libraries more and more for the growth and development in education and research is highlighted by Shri Ajit Mondal, Assistant Professor, Head, Department of Education, Surendranath College for Women, Kolkata.
The magazine provides an apt platform to showcase India’s position in the digital revolution as the country is generating future pathways powered by technology and leading towards Trillion Dollar Digital Economy.
President’s Secretariat30-November, 2018 13:11 IST
The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated the 2ndInternational Ambedkar Conclave today (November 30, 2018) in New Delhi as part of the commemoration of Constitution Day. The Conclave is being organised by the Forum of SC and ST Legislators and Parliamentarians and the Dr Ambedkar Chamber of Commerce.
Speaking on the occasion, the President said that Dr Ambedkar’s long struggle for equality, constitutionalism and fraternity established him as a national icon. He received immense affection and respect because he communicated hope, self-confidence and self-esteem among traditionally disadvantaged communities and groups. He devoted his entire life to creating awareness among such sections of society.